Species Detail

Ulmus rubra Muhl.
Slippery elm; or Red Elm; Piss elm

Scientific Name:  
Ulmus rubra Muhl.
Common Name:  
Slippery elm; or Red Elm; Piss elm
Myaamia Name:  
Material, Customs
Harvest Seasons:  
Growth Forms:  

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Ulmus rubra Muhl.
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
No Reference Specified Description  Scabrous leaves; inner bark of twigs red/rust colored; sightly fragrant and mucilaginous; facultative wetland species
Gleason, H.A. & Cronquist, A. 1991 Habitat  Occurs in moist woods in eastern and western Miami lands
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Unknown  slippery or white elm; refering to the bark
Miley, P. 2003, June 6-7 Use - Unknown  used for something
Lamb, E.W; Shultz, L.W. 1964 Use - Medicinal  a poultice of leaves made for rattlesnake bites
Rafert, S. 1989, August 24-25 Use - Technology  fishnet baskets were made for use at weirs in historic times. "Before the commerical nets they made a basket net; which was out of bark; mostly elm bark. It was the inner bark of the elm tree; the slippery elm tree; which was the red elm tree; and it was a type of net; more in the shape of a basket. Thats what they used at the weir"; and "Now you could be surprised what a thin net you can make out of elm bark. Elm bark; that was a basket maker; as well as hickory and white oak. But they made a real fine net out of elm bark . . . Ive heard the old people talk about it. It was flexible. The elm bark can be ripped down and pared down until its quite thin; its almost like a cloth; see; when they get through withit. And they wasnt as open as a woven net would be; but it was fairly so; enough that water would pass throughit; or whatever; see"
Rafert, S. 1989, August 24-25 Use - Technology  pigeon trap made from a wooden frame with bark nets
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Technology  bark used to cover lodges; wigwams; houses. The word for roof is paxkwani; very similar
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Unknown  "cacikopa; slippery elm tree; i.e. slimy"
Botanical Sources  
Ulmus rubra Muhl.
No sources entered.
Related Sources  
Ulmus rubra Muhl.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Bush, L. L 1996   Human-charred Slippery elm timbers were recovered from an excavation at an early 19th century Miami village site at the forks of the Wabash River (Ft Wayne), 1795-1812 (Ehler Site).
Burns, N.L. 2003   The Peoria of OK cut up the tender shoots of hackberry; elm and poplar for cattle fodder
Whitford, A. C. 1941   Fibers used to make woven fabrics by the Hopewell
Rafert, S. 1989, August 24-25   An ancient fishing weir dam still exists on the Wabash River; northeast of Peru; Indiana and was and is known to most Miami fishermen. Lamoine Marks was told about it when he was a boy; by his father Charlie; and last saw it while fishing in winter in 1953. Rafert and Marks rediscovered it in July, 1988. This weir dam is described in Outdoor Indiana; July/August 1989
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900   The Miami term "pakkokwaniji" refers to the common upland elm and "pakkokwaninji sipiomakwi" to the water elm