Species Detail

Liriodendron tulipifera L.
Yellow poplar, Tulip tree, White poplar

Scientific Name:  
Liriodendron tulipifera L.
Common Name:  
Yellow poplar, Tulip tree, White poplar
Myaamia Name:  
Customs, Technology
Harvest Seasons:  
Winter, Summer, Fall, Spring
Beech-Maple Forest, Oak Forest including Oak-Hickory, Beech-Oak-Maple Mixed Mesophytic, Deciduous Swamp no coniferous domts.
Growth Forms:  

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Liriodendron tulipifera L.
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
No Reference Specified Use - Unknown 
Throwbridge, C.C 1938 Use - Customs  white poplar planted as a tree of peace. "I have repeatedly questioned Le Gros [Miami man; possibly the descendant of Chief Le Grosse; chief during the late 1600s; for which the village of Le Gros; along the Wabash; was named] about "trees of peace"; . . . He says he never heard before that the Indians; in any instance; marked the boundaries of their hunting lands. "Yet;" continues he; "Awaandeeoanee Tauwaunee a peace tree was once planted upon the St. Joseph??s; by the Chippeways; Ottawas; Potawatamies and Miamies. It was a white poplar. Under its branches a grand council was held; at which a general method of government was agreed upon for the respective nations; and to that effect certain fundamental laws were passed; which have been since immutable. There; a general alliance; offensive and defensive; was made; and although the tree be now physically dead; it yet lives green in the hearts of the Indians."I regret that Le Gros is unable to furnish me with the particulars of this very interesting tradition."
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Unknown  "uzandiaxkwi"; oonseentiaahkwi; or poplar "My understanding is that oonseentia specifically refers to the Yellow-poplar AKA Tulip poplar, Liriodendron tulipifera." (Email sent from David Costa to Kara Strass, October 2018). –
Burns, N.L. 2003 Use - Technology  young shoots of hackberry; elm and poplar fed to livestock during hard times
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Unknown  "mallusandia"; white poplar
Filson, J. 1793 Use - Customs 
Gonella, M.P. 2003-2005 Description  Yellow poplar was also known as White poplar; because of its light and easily worked wood
Pease, Theodore Calvin and Raymond C. Werner 1934 Use - Technology  fishing pole. "I do not doubt that there are some [carp] even bigger [than 16 inches between the eyes]; for one day a soldier of the garrison at that time among the Illinois; having gone fishing one night in a canoe; and having put out a big rock to anchor it; one of these brills [carp]; finding itself caught on the hook; made such powerful efforts that it carried away the canoe; the rock; and the man. The soldier; seeing this; exerted all his strength and was pulling it toward him when; unhappily; the line broke. It was of whitewood bark; twisted thicker than ones thumb."
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Unknown  "ozandia" poplar; liriodendron
Botanical Sources  
Liriodendron tulipifera L.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Gleason, H.A. & Cronquist, A. 1991   Occurs in rich woods
Small, J.K. 1903   Occurs in swamps
Related Sources  
Liriodendron tulipifera L.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Gonella, M.P. 2003-2005   Yellow poplar given to honor Chief Leonard of the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma. Presented at the opening to a Miami Nation art exibit at the Miami University Art Museum Cultural use references referring to white poplar indicated the yellow poplar Liriodendron tulipifera; as deduced by fact that the yellow poplar has been called White poplar because of its light and easily worked wood; and because the introduced White poplar Populus alba was not introduced until 1748; nor widespread before the 19th century; whereas traditions relating to peace were probably established long before this time –