Species Detail

Polygala senega L. unconfirmed
Snakeroot


Scientific Name:  
Polygala senega L. unconfirmed
Common Name:  
Snakeroot
Myaamia Name:  
No Myaamia Name
Uses:  
Undetermined
Harvest Seasons:  
Unkn
Habitats:  
Beech-Maple Forest, Oak Forest including Oak-Hickory, Beech-Oak-Maple Mixed Mesophytic
Locations:  
Undetermined
Growth Forms:  
Herb, Wild

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Polygala senega L. unconfirmed
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
No Reference Specified Description  Polygala senega has dense racemes with white flowers
No Reference Specified Use - Medicinal  used to cure snakebites. According to Kenton 1925; this species or Aristolochia serpentaria could possibly be the one referred to by Marquette; in his 1674 letter in the Jesuit Relations
Botanical Sources  
Polygala senega L. unconfirmed
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
No Reference Specified   Occurs in rocky soils; widely distributed across eastern U.S. west to AR
No Reference Specified   Occurs in rocky; shaded soils throughout IN not found within western Miami lands; –
Related Sources  
Polygala senega L. unconfirmed
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
No Reference Specified   Dried roots contain saponins which irritate the stomach and intestines and increase bronchial secretions. In large doses 1 gm acts as an emetic and cathartic; and in smaller doses it is an expectorant; sialagogic; diaphoretic; diuretic; and emmenagogic. Chiefly used as an expectorant
No Reference Specified   Probably not either of these species; since they are out of the range of both eastern and western Miami lands
No Reference Specified   used medicinally by numerous tribes; from the Cherokee to the Ojibway; Cree; and Woodlands; mostly for its cathartic and expectorant properties--roots commonly chewed for sore throats