Species Detail

Betula sp. L. B. papyrifera Marshall.
birch tree; paper birch


Scientific Name:  
Betula sp. L. B. papyrifera Marshall.
Common Name:  
birch tree; paper birch
Myaamia Name:  
wiikweehsimiši
Uses:  
Material, Technology
Harvest Seasons:  
Summer
Habitats:  
Beech-Maple Forest, Oak Forest including Oak-Hickory, Beech-Oak-Maple Mixed Mesophytic
Locations:  
Undetermined
Growth Forms:  
Tree

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Betula sp. L. B. papyrifera Marshall.
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
No Reference Specified Use - Technology  canoes made from birch bark p. 232 –
No Reference Specified Use - Material  there is a model canoe of Miami origin; that is made of birch bark; and housed at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City
No Reference Specified Use - Technology  canoes seldom made from birch bark. p. 202 & p. 187 –
No Reference Specified Use - Technology  the Illinois village visited by Marquette in 1674 [situated just north of St. Louis; where the Mississinewa River enters the Wisconsin River] did not make their canoes from birch bark. p. 356 –
No Reference Specified Use - Technology  canoes made from bark. manuscript 1556 –
No Reference Specified Use - Unknown  p. 2080 –
Botanical Sources  
Betula sp. L. B. papyrifera Marshall.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
No Reference Specified   occurs as early seral species after disturbance fire; flood; etc. in moist or dry soils in the northern portions of eastern Miami lands; becoming more abundant further north
No Reference Specified   disturbance-adapted species found on cool; moist sites; often in conifer-hardwood forests. Not fire-dependent; but a strong pioneer after fire; sprouting from root collar in trees les than 50 years old
Related Sources  
Betula sp. L. B. papyrifera Marshall.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
No Reference Specified   wiikweehsimiši
No Reference Specified   the Miami-Illinois word for birch bark; or for the canoe made from the birch bark; is wiikweehsi. The term wiikweehsiinkweeki describes a wooden canoe made like; and with the appearance of a birch bark canoe; but not actually made from birch bark; and literally means it is birch bark faced p. 232 –
No Reference Specified   it is possible that the Miami made birch-bark canoes; considering the paper birch is not abundant; but present; within historic Miami territory. One citation that argues against this possibility p. 137 –
No Reference Specified   Father Dablon; traveling with Father Marquette; described p. 383-384 –
No Reference Specified   Anishinaabeg use the bark.for winnow baskets for rice, basket for gathering fruit, and canoes manuscript 1701 –