Species Detail

Celtis occidentalis L.
northern hackberry tree


Scientific Name:  
Celtis occidentalis L.
Common Name:  
northern hackberry tree
Myaamia Name:  
pakamaakaniĊĦi
Uses:  
Customs, Technology
Harvest Seasons:  
Winter, Summer, Fall, Spring
Habitats:  
Beech-Maple Forest, Oak Forest including Oak-Hickory, Beech-Oak-Maple Mixed Mesophytic
Locations:  
Undetermined
Growth Forms:  
Tree

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Celtis occidentalis L.
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Customs  boards lining sides of burial holes. "pakamakaninji; hackberry" used to make puncheon of hackberry made pieces for top; bottom; sides and ends of holes p. 2465 –
Burns, N.L. 2003 Use - Technology  young shoots of hackberry; elm and poplar fed to livestock during hard times
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Technology  used for firewood. "The tree gives good fuel" p. 1719 –
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Unknown 
Pinet, P.F. 1696-circa 1700 Use - Unknown  "apakamanganingi"; hackberry p. 38-39 & p. 116-117 –
Botanical Sources  
Celtis occidentalis L.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Gleason, H.A. & Cronquist, A. 1991   occurs in a moist; rich soils including floodplains throughout eastern and western Miami lands
Related Sources  
Celtis occidentalis L.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Burns, N.L. 2003   the Peoria of OK cut up the tender shoots of hackberry; elm and poplar for cattle fodder
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895   the Miami term "pakamakani" refers to the berry of the hackberry; "the dark red berry of the hackberry tree" p. 1719 –