Species Detail

Citrullus vulgaris shrad.
watermelon


Scientific Name:  
Citrullus vulgaris shrad.
Common Name:  
watermelon
Myaamia Name:  
iihkihtaminki
Uses:  
Food, Medicinal
Harvest Seasons:  
Fall, Spring
Habitats:  
Human-Disturbed Areas
Locations:  
Undetermined
Growth Forms:  
Undetermined

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Citrullus vulgaris shrad.
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
No Reference Specified Use - Medicinal  seeds used for medicine. "Their medicines they use for purging have all the effectiveness possible. There are some who use coloquinte; with which the wilderness abounds in autumn when they gather their seeds." p. 367 –
No Reference Specified Horticultural Info  "They never see snow in their country; and recognize the winter only through the rains; which there fall more frequently than in summer. We ate no other fruit there than watermelons. If they knew how to till their soil; theywould have fruits of all kinds." p. 364 –
No Reference Specified Horticultural Info  watermelons; along with sunflowers and gourds are first sprouted in a hot-bed and then transplanted into crop fields p. 121 & p. 112 –
No Reference Specified Use - Food  eaten raw
No Reference Specified Use - Food  fruits eaten. "They harvest also a great many watermelons which are admirable. I have seen numbers of them as big as water buckets" p. 344-345 –
No Reference Specified Use - Food  given to missionaries to eat p. 364 –
No Reference Specified Use - Unknown 
No Reference Specified Use - Food  "They have abundance of water-melons; citruls; and gourds" p. 186 & p. 622 –
No Reference Specified Use - Food  dried and eaten. "They greatly esteem their citruls; though they are none of the best. They dry them up; and keep them till the Winter and Spring" p. 652 & p. 209-210 –
No Reference Specified Use - Food  given to Marquette and Jolliets party to eat. "We ate no other fruit there than watermelons" p. 59 –
No Reference Specified Use - Food  modern traditional crop. In the traditional story of Young Thunder William Pecongah; he describes the crops he had growing on his land 160 acres of reserve in central Indiana.
No Reference Specified Use - Food  watermelons grown p. 121 & p. 112 –
Botanical Sources  
Citrullus vulgaris shrad.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
No Reference Specified   also known as C. colocynthis; hence coloquinte; C. vulgaris is a native to Africa cultivated throughout eastern and western Miami lands
Related Sources  
Citrullus vulgaris shrad.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
No Reference Specified   no listing of Citrullus in Gleason and Cronquist 1991; but Steyermark lists as C. vulgaris and Small 1903 as C. citrullus