Species Detail

Bark
bark


Scientific Name:  
Bark
Common Name:  
bark
Myaamia Name:  
alakiihkwi
Uses:  
Material, Customs, Technology
Harvest Seasons:  
Summer, Fall, Spring
Habitats:  
Oak Forest including Oak-Hickory, Beech-Oak-Maple Mixed Mesophytic, Dry Prairie grasslands, Conifer Shrubland and Forest, Conifer Swamp some deciduous domts.
Locations:  
Undetermined
Growth Forms:  
Shrub

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Bark
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Pease, Theodore Calvin and Raymond C. Werner 1934 Use - Material  bark peeled for unknown purpose [reason not noted; but this was a buffalo hunting camp and their actions were probably related to making camp during the buffalo hunt] p. 313 –
Pease, Theodore Calvin and Raymond C. Werner 1934 Use - Material  p. 340-341 –
Pease, Theodore Calvin and Raymond C. Werner 1934 Use - Food  used in cooking macopines white water lily rhizome in a pit; roots placed on aquatic grass which was laid over hot rocks in a pit; then roots covered with dry grass and bark p. 346 –
Pease, Theodore Calvin and Raymond C. Werner 1934 Use - Customs  funeral. p. 358 –
N/A Use - Material  shingles made of bark for the houses; fastened to rafters by wooden pins Interview with Edward Peckham –
Dillon, J.B. 1859 Use - Material  spring shelter made of logs covered with bark. p. 16-17 –
Throwbridge, C.C 1938 Use - Technology  bark used as a hand-held torch. Trowbridge describes its use in courtship; where a young man would go secretly into the lodge of the parents of the girl of his interest; using a bark torch for light p. 41 –
Throwbridge, C.C 1938 Use - Material  paapaamootekutauwee is a game of shooting where a ball of bark is thrown in the air and shot at with an arrow. Betting is involved. p. 62 –
Pease, Theodore Calvin and Raymond C. Werner 1934 Use - Material  bark used for summer hunting cabins. p. 308 –
Thwaites, R.G. (editor) 1966 Use - Technology  structure made from bark and wooden poles for protection from mosquitos. p. 147 –
No Reference Specified Use - Customs  bark string used in enemy prisoner torture p. 76 –
No Reference Specified Use - Technology  bark used to cover a lodge p. 47 –
Dunn, J.P. 1908 Use - Customs  used to build a fire during a healing ceremony. In the traditional story Medicine Men; Gabriel Godfroy probably relayed to Dunn that medicine men brought patients into their house; made a fire using tree-bark; stripped the patient down to their breech cloth and sat them down in a stool; danced around the fire and threw fire on the patients head but neer burned them. In this way patients were cured of seizure and other ailments
No Reference Specified Use - Material  there are 4 Miami items made in part or whole of bark; including a maple sugar basket; sap tub; and model canoes and paddles; all housed at the National Museum of the American Indian; Washington D.C.
Cranbrook Institute of Science 2003 Use - Material  there is a piece of bark; of Miami origin; coated with vermillion; housed at the Glen Black Laboratory in Indiana
Charlevoix, P. 1923 Use - Technology  barks of trees used to make dyes for tattooing. p. 119 & p. 110 –
Charlevoix, P. 1923 Use - Technology  powdered bark from a certain tree; fat; and sometimes vermillion are used to preserve their hair. The hair is also sometimes wrapped in an eel or snakeskin; and braided; hanging down to their middle p. 120 & p. 110-111 –
Charlevoix, P. 1923 Use - Technology  corn storage is done by means of bark-lined holes in the ground; especially when they have to leave their village or to hide it from enemies; or by drying and hanging bunches of ears; or threshing. p. 122 & p. 112-113 –
Charlevoix, P. 1923 Use - Material  women make items from bark p. 125 & p. 116 –
Charlevoix, P. 1923 Use - Technology  bark used to build cabins. p. 127 & p. 118 –
Rafert, S. 1989, August 24-25 Use - Technology  pigeon trap made from a wooden frame with bark nets p. 74-75 –
Wheeler-Voegelin, E. 1934-1985 Use - Technology  bark used to draw map on; using charcoal
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Material  canoes made from bark.
Botanical Sources  
Bark
No sources entered.
Related Sources  
Bark
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Burns, N.L. 2003   Peoria observation of Nez Perces when they were held in Miami-- Interview with Edward Peckham –
Throwbridge, C.C 1938   during hunting; women collect poles and bark and makes a lodge as soon the man has prepared a place for the kettle two poles to support a cross-piece of wood and gone off to hunt p. 47 –
Blair, E 1911   Algonquians use bark to fill in the wound made from an awl; during ear-piercing which is part of a ritual for five or six month old children. p. 77 –
Blair, E 1911   upon the death of a mans brother Algonquians; neighbors to the surviving brother offer the deceased two gifts in order to remove the tears of his relatives; a mat to lie on and a piece of bark to shelter the corpse from the weather. p. 80 –