Species Detail

Carya glabra P.mill sweet
pignut hickory tree


Scientific Name:  
Carya glabra P.mill sweet
Common Name:  
pignut hickory tree
Myaamia Name:  
paapahsaahkimiĊĦi
Uses:  
Food, Technology
Harvest Seasons:  
Summer, Fall, Spring
Habitats:  
Oak Forest including Oak-Hickory, Beech-Oak-Maple Mixed Mesophytic, Dry Prairie grasslands
Locations:  
Undetermined
Growth Forms:  
Shrub

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Carya glabra P.mill sweet
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Bogue, E.E. 1900, March Description  Carya cordiformis is much more common throughout MO than C. glabra; and both are commonly called Pignut hickory; suggesting that C. glabra was not common in the past in NE OK Steyermark 1963 although it was mentioned from one account in OK
Coulter, S 1899 Description  Carya glabra is the only Pignut hickory mentioned in Coulters flora of Indiana; and this was widely distributed throughout the state; a tree up to 120 feet high with 3-5 foot diameters. C. cordiformis is not mentioned
Small, J.K. 1903 Description  Carya glabra is the only Pignut hickory mentioned in Smalls flora; a tree up to 180 feet high and 4.5 foot diameters. C. cordiformis is not mentioned
Dunn, J.P. 1919 Use - Technology  canoe;
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Technology  bark used for sugar-sap containers; wood for drying tables.
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Food/Technology  "pacianikopa; peorias call this pignut" p. 102 –
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Unknown  hickory
Tippman, D. 1999, November 11 Use - Food  nuts gathered for food
No Reference Specified Related Info  there were Carya sp. charcoal remains and other hickory nutshells found in sample 082
Botanical Sources  
Carya glabra P.mill sweet
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Gleason, H.A. & Cronquist, A. 1991   occurs in upland woods
Related Sources  
Carya glabra P.mill sweet
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Steyermark, J.A. 1963   early settlers obtained an oil from the nut that was used in oil lams and in the treatment of rheumatism
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900   the Miami-Illinois term "paapakimini" referred to the actual pig-nut; not the wood or tree p. 2466dw –
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900   Dunn noted that the Miami term
Blair, E 1911   The Peoria term cited by Dunn ca.1909 for pignut hickory tree is also used by the Eastern Miami as a generic for all hickory trees; 6. Perrot describes a nut about 2 inches long that is bitter and oily and inedible which could be referring to the pignut; although it is not that bitter p. 119 –