Species Detail

Carya sp. nutt.
smooth-bark hickory


Scientific Name:  
Carya sp. nutt.
Common Name:  
smooth-bark hickory
Myaamia Name:  
kweehsiaanikopa
Uses:  
Technology
Harvest Seasons:  
Winter
Habitats:  
Oak Forest including Oak-Hickory, Beech-Oak-Maple Mixed Mesophytic, Dry Prairie grasslands, Conifer Shrubland and Forest
Locations:  
Undetermined
Growth Forms:  
Shrub

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Carya sp. nutt.
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Small, J.K. 1903 Description  smooth-bark hickory: The species indicated by this Miami word was probably the saplings of one or more of the following: Carya ovata; Shagbark hickory; C. glabra; Pignut hickory; or C. laciniosa; Shell-bark hickory. The bark of each of these species is relatively smooth for the first few years of its life; then turning furrowed; or scaley; but not extremely
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Technology  wood for long bows was made from the smooth-bark hickory kwassiani kupa; one split sapling making two long bows and other bows made from buffalo ribs. Bird arrows made with blunt points of hickory wood. The sweat lodge in Peoria was made of hickory branches or other material that bent easily
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Unknown  kwassianikupa; smooth-bark hickory
Botanical Sources  
Carya sp. nutt.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Gleason, H.A. & Cronquist, A. 1991   occurs in rich; moist soils
Related Sources  
Carya sp. nutt.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
No Reference Specified   archaeological studies have demonstrated that nuts preserved as nutshell; which represent walnut; hickory and hazelnut species were an important wild food resource utilized by Late Woodland prior to 700 A.D. through approximately 1450 A.D. indigenous peoples of central and southern Indiana. Results of these studies indicate that nut use declined over the Late Woodland period prior to 700 A.D. to 1450 A.D.; probably due to increased cultivation of fall-maturing crops; like corn; and conflicts with gathering nuts during this same time period
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900   the term "kwacianikopa" was used for hickories; in general p. 102 report –
Kerr, J. 1935   the term "qefeneqopu" also refers to the hickory