Species Detail

Carya spp. nutt.
hickory tree


Scientific Name:  
Carya spp. nutt.
Common Name:  
hickory tree
Myaamia Name:  
peesiaanikopa
Uses:  
Food, Material, Technology
Harvest Seasons:  
Undetermined
Habitats:  
Dry Prairie grasslands, Wet Prairie grasslands with flooding, Conifer Shrubland and Forest
Locations:  
Undetermined
Growth Forms:  
Undetermined

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Carya spp. nutt.
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Technology  bird arrows with a blunt point made out of dogwood and hickory wood; both which sink in the water
Throwbridge, C.C 1938 Use - Material  Shingaukekaunekee is a game played on the ice; with a bow; about fifteen feet long; four inches wide and a half an inch thick; made from hickory or another hard wood. p. 63 –
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Unknown  peesiananikopa means hickory tree;
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Unknown  the term kwacianikopa was used generically for the hickory tree by the Peoria
Tippman, D. 1999, November 11 Use - Technology  stems hollowed out using a willow branch; then a whittled down hickory stick placed inside along with a paper wad to make a pop-gun
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Food  traditional food. In the traditional story of Young Thunder William Pecongah; he describes the crops he had growing on his land 160 acres of reserve in central Indiana.
Rafert, S. 1989, August 24-25 Use - Technology  hickory bark bundles lit and used as torches for night spear fishing. p. 35 –
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Technology  Peoria arrows were made of hickory and dogwood p.2661 –
Dunn, J.P. 1908 Use - Technology  temporary houses made of bent hickory branches and other trees to form a dome. p.1701 manuscript –
No Reference Specified Use - Material 
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Unknown  p.1726 –
Anonymous 1837 Use - Unknown  nuts gathered for eating
Tippman, D. 2005, February 27 Use - Food  wood used to make bow
Weisenberger, J. 2004, August 12 Use - Technology  a Peoria observation of Nez Perces when they were held in Miami--
Botanical Sources  
Carya spp. nutt.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Gleason, H.A. & Cronquist, A. 1991   Occurs in rich; moist soils
Related Sources  
Carya spp. nutt.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Burns, N.L. 2003   archaeological studies have demonstrated that nuts preserved as nutshell; which represent walnut; hickory and hazelnut species were an important wild food resource utilized by Late Woodland prior to 700 A.D. through approximately 1450 A.D. indigenous peoples of central and southern Indiana. Results of these studies indicate that nut use declined over the Late Woodland period prior to 700 A.D. to 1450 A.D.; probably due to increased cultivation of fall-maturing crops; like corn; and conflicts with gathering nuts during this same time period
No Reference Specified   Great Lakes tribes; in general; use sweats to treat many illnesses. To provoke a sweat; hickory wood and pine branches are boiled in a kettle under the person; causing a profuse sweat
Charlevoix, P. 1923   Allouez remarked about the Illinois use of bow and arrow: p. 175 & p. 163 –
Allouez, C.J. 1903   human-charred hickory shell material recovered from excavations at an early 19th century Miami village site (Ehler Site, 1795-1812), Fort Wayne p. 78 –