Species Detail

Cucurbita pepo L.
pumpkin, acorn squash, crookneck, pattypan, zucchini, scallops


Scientific Name:  
Cucurbita pepo L.
Common Name:  
pumpkin, acorn squash, crookneck, pattypan, zucchini, scallops
Myaamia Name:  
eemihkwaani (pumpkin)
Uses:  
Food
Harvest Seasons:  
Summer
Habitats:  
Dry Prairie grasslands, Wet Prairie grasslands with flooding, Conifer Shrubland and Forest
Locations:  
Undetermined
Growth Forms:  
Herb, Cultivated

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Cucurbita pepo L.
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Food  "amkwani"; wild pumpkin
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Food  "amkwani"; pumpkin
Deliette, L. 1702 Use - Food  cultivated; dried; cooked with meat and corn and eaten. "There are abundant and excellent pumpkins. They have a mode of drying them that is not common to all the nations of this region by which they keep from one year to the next. They scrape the rind well; and take out all the inside; and cut them into slices full circle and an inch thick. They let them wither for a day in the air; after which they tie them together; putting as many as five pumpkins together in this way. They expose them to the sun for several days; which dries them out to such a degree that they break like a turnip. They cook this with meat and Indian corn. It is a great treat among them. The French always make a liberal provision of this"
N/A 1998-2006 Use - Food  Barbara Mullins mother; Julia Lankford; placed pumpkins in a pressure cooker and prepared them for caning. Her grandmother 000 and great grandmother dried pumpkins for storage
Dablon, C. 1677 Use - Food  squash/pumpkins brought to missionaries for eating
Gravier, J. ca. 1700 Use - Food  "powdered part/piece of meat; pumpking; etc."
Tyner, J.W. 1968, September 9 Use - Food  wild/domesticated pumpkins grown
Potier, P. 1740 Use - Food  two types of pumpkins cultivated and eaten. "Common pumpkins and Illinois pumpkins"
Charlevoix, P. 1923 Use - Food  gourds; or "pompions" [pumpkin?] grown as a food crop
Bush, L. L 1996 Use - Food  Human-charred cucurbit material was recovered from an early 19th century Miami village site at the forks of the Wabash River. Flower scars and seeds on material recovered suggest varieties of an acorn squash; Cuburbita pepo.
Tippman, D. 2005, February 27 Use - Food  cultivated and eaten. Has yellowish skin and orange flesh
N/A 1998-2006 Use - Food  domestic pumpkins used in contemporary griddle-cake recipe
Charlevoix, P. 1923 Horticultural Info  Gourds; watermelons and sunflowers are first sprouted in a hot-bed; then transplanted into a crop field
N/A 1998-2006 Food  Barbara Mullen's recipe for dried pumpkins: Cut ripe pumpkin in rings; remove the peeling hang on a stick before the fire near enough to dry slowly. This may be stored until ready for use. To prepare; it should be washed and cooked any way you like pumpkin. The Indians often ate it dried.
Botanical Sources  
Cucurbita pepo L.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Gleason, H.A. & Cronquist, A. 1991   Occurs on dry soils in various habitats
Gleason, H.A. & Cronquist, A. 1991   C. foetidissima wild pumpkin occurs in dry soils in western and potentially in eastern Miami lands
Related Sources  
Cucurbita pepo L.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
No Reference Specified   A single Curcurbita pepo rind fragment was found at the Riverton archaeological site, on the Wabash River, near present day Vicennes IN, dating to approximately 3200 B.P. (Yarnell 1976).
N/A 1998-2006   Barbaras recipe for dried pumpkins: Cut ripe pumpkin in rings; remove the peeling hang on a stick before the fire near enough to dry slowly. This may be stored until ready for use. To prepare; it should be washed and cooked any way you like pumpkin. The Indians often ate it dried
Bush, L. L 1996   Human-charred cucurbit material was recoverd from an early 19th century Miami village site at the forks of the Wabash River (Ft Wayne) 1795-1812 (Ehler Site). Material were flower scars that most closely matched acorn-type squash.
Hockett, C.F. 1985   Miami-Illinois terms for pumpkin also include the Miami word "emmkwani" for squash or pumpkin and the Peoria word "eemihkookani" or "haemihkwa?ani" for pumpkin; "eemihkookani"; "rerequne; amkokune"; for gourds or pumpkins; and the documented the phrase "keekeeshondoa haamuhkwaunau" meaning cut up the pumpkins in Miami-Illinois