Species Detail

Fragaria virginiana or F. vesca Duchesne.
Wild Strawberry

Scientific Name:  
Fragaria virginiana or F. vesca Duchesne.
Common Name:  
Wild Strawberry
Myaamia Name:  
Harvest Seasons:  
Beech-Oak-Maple Mixed Mesophytic, Dry Prairie grasslands, Wet Prairie grasslands with flooding, Conifer Shrubland and Forest, Conifer Swamp some deciduous domts.
Growth Forms:  
Shrub, Cultivated

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Fragaria virginiana or F. vesca Duchesne.
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Unknown  "taha=mini; strawberry; lit. heart berry" and "atahimini pandanik; strawberry colored"
Small, J.K. 1903 Description  Fragaria vesca or Fragaria virginiana; the latter more common and probably the predecessor of the cultivated variety
Pease, Theodore Calvin and Raymond C. Werner 1934 Use - Food  gathered by hunting band guards [those that kept the hunting band together]
Olds, Julie, Olds, Dustin and Dani Tippman 1999 Use - Food  berries gathered. " . . .we picked wild strawberries. Yes; down at Miami. I dont know if you know where that little Catholic cemetery is at Lincolnville; and its off in there by itself. It used to go up in through there and you remember Nancy Stand and Alice Blalock and Freemans mother [Rebecca Stitt Walker]. They used to try to beat each other to those wild strawberries. Up there on that Catholic cemetery there"
Tippman, D. 1999, November 11 Use - Food  wild strawberries picked and eaten. "Theres no strawberries taste as good as wild strawberries . . . theyre little bitty devils . . .but you get enough of them to make a pie or shortcake . . . we used to make a lot of shortcake"
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Food  traditional food. In the traditional story of Young Thunder; he describes the crops he had growing on his land 160 acres of reserve in central Indiana. "There I planted corn; wheat; potatoes; peas; tobacco; beans; apple trees; pumpkins; watermelons; cucumbers; onions; hay; straw; gooseberries; raspberries; blackberries; currants; turnips; tomatoes; pawpaws; cherries; strawberries; plums; blackhaws; peaches; walnut trees; pecans; hickory nuts; barley and rye."
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Food  "atahimini; strawberry"
Kerr, J. 1935 Use - Food  "tahemenu; straw berry"
Botanical Sources  
Fragaria virginiana or F. vesca Duchesne.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
No Reference Specified   Woods; thickets; prairies; disturbed areas
Related Sources  
Fragaria virginiana or F. vesca Duchesne.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
No Reference Specified   Due to lead; cadmium and zinc contamination in the Tar Creek Superfund Sites watershed; around Miami; Oklahoma and the Miami Tribe of Oklahomas headquarters; Miami and other local tribal members worry that traditional gathering of food; medicine and customs items may be contaminated. Fish; wild blackberries; sassafras; pokeweed; basket-making supplies and wild onions could have high concentrations of lead; as do the waters of nearby lakes; and it is not always successful keeping tribal members out of these areas. The Seneca-Cayugas berry dance could not be held; if all the wild blackberries and strawberries in the area are found to be contaminated