Species Detail

Helianthus tuberosus L.
Jerusalem artichoke


Scientific Name:  
Helianthus tuberosus L.
Common Name:  
Jerusalem artichoke
Myaamia Name:  
oonsaapeehkateeki
Uses:  
Food, Medicinal
Harvest Seasons:  
Summer, Spring, NA
Habitats:  
Oak Forest including Oak-Hickory, Beech-Oak-Maple Mixed Mesophytic, Conifer Shrubland and Forest
Locations:  
Undetermined
Growth Forms:  
Tree, Vine

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Helianthus tuberosus L.
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
No Reference Specified Use - Food  sunflowers are grown as a crop; probably indicating the jerusalem artichoke
No Reference Specified Use - Food/Medicinal  oil from the seeds is used for rubbing on the skin. "The Indians make no other use of the turnsoles; but to extract from them an oil with which they rub themselves: this is more commonly drawn from the seeds than from the root of this plant. This root differs little from what we call in France topinambours or apples of the earth [this plant is probably jerusalem artichoke]"
No Reference Specified Use - Food  tubers eaten. onzapakataki"; "indian potatoes"
No Reference Specified Use - Food  tubers gathered; cooked and eaten
No Reference Specified Horticultural Info  "But as soon as they found out about them they cultivated them and used them."
No Reference Specified Horticultural Info  Sunflowers; along with watermelons and gourds are first sprouted in a hot-bed and then transplanted into crop fields
No Reference Specified Use - Food  tubers eaten; called "Indian potatoes" and "the Jerusalem artichoke Helianthus tuberosa appears to me to meet his Perrots description more nearly than any other plant; and its tubers were eaten by the Indians"
No Reference Specified Use - Food  "As soon as they found out about it; they used the Jerusalem artichoke; but they didnt have em native here in this country."
No Reference Specified Use - Food  "They also store up onions; as big as Jerusalem artichokes; which they find in the prairies; and which I find better than all the other roots. They are sugary and pleasing to the palate. They are cooked like macopines"
Botanical Sources  
Helianthus tuberosus L.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
No Reference Specified   Occurs in moist soils and disturbed areas fencerows throughout easstern and western Miami lands
Related Sources  
Helianthus tuberosus L.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
No Reference Specified   The Shawnee collected this plant for food
No Reference Specified   Many Indian tribes of North America used the tubers of this plant for food. Sometimes; archaeologists are able to locate the sites of old Indian villages by the presence of large stands of Jerusalem artichoke plants. Spanish explorers brought this plant back to Europe where it was cultivated and sold as girasol; the spanish word for sunflower. The English incorrectly tranformed girasol to Jerusalem; and the artichoke part of the name comes presumably from the tubers taste
No Reference Specified   Archaeological studies have demonstrated that sunflowers [including a variety of Helianthus spp.] were either cultivated or "strongly encouraged in wild stands" as a food resource by Late Woodland prior to 700 A.D indigenous peoples of central and southern Indiana