Species Detail


Scientific Name:  
Common Name:  
Myaamia Name:  
No Myaamia Name
Material, Customs, Technology
Harvest Seasons:  
Dry Prairie grasslands, Wet Prairie grasslands with flooding
Growth Forms:  

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Pease, Theodore Calvin and Raymond C. Werner 1934 Use - Material  game with bean-seeds and straws. "At night most of the men; seated like dogs on mats of round reeds; play with straws. For markers they use the little beans which I have mentioned; which grow on the thorny trees. The game is usually of 200 straws of the length of a foot. The one who can best deceive is the best player; so they are always on the lookout against being deceived. They mark with their beans one or two; according to the wish of the one whose turn it is to mark; then three; and so in regard to the other players up to six; which is the game. One of them takes the straws in both hands and forces his thumb into the middle. The other; if he so desires; does the same thing; and afterwards counts the straws by sixes; if he happens to have one left; and one bean is marked the first; he has the head; if the other gets two which are marked next; it is what they call the neck which comes after the head; so he loses; if he gets one like the other; they begin over again. They have perhaps five or six hundred of these beans; some of which they stake on each play; and when one player has them all before him; they gain what they have staked. They are addicted to this game in a degree that cannot be exceeded [more on their actions regarding the game]
Pease, Theodore Calvin and Raymond C. Werner 1934 Use - Customs  killing prisoners of war. "When he [prisoner of war] is condemned to die; it is always by fire. I have never seen any other kind of torment used by this nation. They plant a little tree in the earth; which they make him clasp; they tie his two wrists; and with torches of straw of firebrands they burn him; sometimes for six hours."
Charlevoix, P. 1923 Use - Material  game of straws played. "On this day the Poutewatamies came to play at the game of straws; against the Miamis; the game was played in the cabbin of the chief; and in a sort of square over against it. These straws are small rushes of the thickness of a stalk of wheat and two fingers in length. They take up a parcel of these in their hand; which generally consists of two hundred and one; and alwas of an unequal number. After they have well stirred them; and making a thousand contortions of body and invoking the genii; they divide them; with a kind of awl or sharp bone into parcels of ten: each takes one at a venture; and he to whom the parcel with eleven in it falls gains a certain number of points according to the agreement: sixty or four score make a party. There are other ways of playing this game; and they would have explained them to me; but I could understand nothing of the matter; except that the number nine gained the whole party. They also told me; that there was as much of art as chance in this game; and that the Indians are so great cheats at it; as well as at all others; that they are so eager at it; as to spend whole days and nights at it; and that sometimes they do not give over playing till they have stript themselves naked and have nothing more to lose"
Charlevoix, P. 1923 Use - Material  straw spread on prisoner in order to facilitate burning. ". . .it is true; an old Illinois woman; whose son had been formerly killed by the Outagamies; did him all the mischief that fury inspired by revenge could invent; at last; however; taking pity on his cries; they covered him with straw; to which they set fire; and as he was still found to breath after this was consumed; he was pierced by arrows by the children . . . he is unworthy; they say; to die by the hands of men"
Botanical Sources  
No sources entered.
Related Sources  
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Blair, E 1911   The Algonquian game of straws utilizes stems; or straws; from a special plant with stems of thickness smaller than the cordage for a salmon-net. "They take for this sport a certain number of straws; or of the stems of a special plant; which is not so thick as the cord for a salmon-net; and with these they make little sticks all alike in length and thickness; the length is about eleven inches; and the number is uneven"