Species Detail

Allium stellatum or A. cernuum.
wild onion

Scientific Name:  
Allium stellatum or A. cernuum.
Common Name:  
wild onion
Myaamia Name:  
liliaceae lily
Harvest Seasons:  
Winter, Spring
Conifer Shrubland and Forest, Conifer Swamp some deciduous domts., Deciduous Swamp no coniferous domts.
Geboe Property, Liebert Property
Growth Forms:  

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Allium stellatum or A. cernuum.
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Dunn, J.P. 1919 Description 
Perrot, Nicolas 1864 Use - Food  corms eaten.
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900 Use - Food  corms and leaves eaten .
Rafert, S. 1992 Use - Food  wild onion A. vineale used as a spring tonic for maintaining good health p. 45 –
Rafert, S. 1996 Use - Food  Miami families had favorite wild onion gathering areas p. 182 –
McCord, P. (Geboe) 2004, June 5 Use - Food  Mable Olds Leonard picked poke and wild onions for cooking
Walker, M. 2004, June 2 Use - Food  gathered and eaten as greens rather than for the bulbs. Gathered this year.
No Reference Specified Use - Food  corms gathered and used
Anonymous 1837 Use - Unknown 
N/A 1998-2006 Use - Food  Barbara Mullins mother; Julia Lankford picked wild onions every spring for a wild onion and egg meal; consisting of wild onions; eggs; bacon grease and salt. Barbara still cooks this; using green onions for wild ones p. 14 –
Gravier, J. ca. 1700 Use - Food  p. 253.15 –
Perrot, Nicolas 1864 Use - Food  usually boiled then eaten. p. 117-118 –
Masthay, C. 2002 Use - Medicinal  used to cure dysentery. p. 237 –
Botanical Sources  
Allium stellatum or A. cernuum.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Dunn, J.P. 1919  
Gleason, H.A. & Cronquist, A. 1991   occurs in various habitats; prairies; open; dry or rich wood
Related Sources  
Allium stellatum or A. cernuum.
Reference Source Notes Data Comments
Coulter, S 1899   Allium stellatum and A. cernuum are the likely species referred to by this Miami word. A. stellatum is listed in Coulter as Prairie wild onion; in Steyermark as Wild Onion; and in Gleason and Cronquist without common name. A. cernuum is listed as Nodding Wild Onion in Coulter; Steyermark; and Gleason and Cronquist; and listed in Small without a common name. It appears that the exact common name often varies with the flora author; yet most consider both these species; commonly; as some type of wild onion
Clark, J.E. 1993   Shawnee collected this plant
No Reference Specified   due to lead; cadmium and zinc contamination in the Tar Creek Superfund Sites watershed; around Miami; Oklahoma and the Miami Tribe of Oklahomas headquarters; Miami and other local tribal members worry that traditional gathering of food; medicine and customs items may be contaminated. Fish; wild blackberries; sassafras; pokeweed; basket-making supplies and wild onions could have high concentrations of lead; as do the waters of nearby lakes; and it is not always successful keeping tribal members out of these areas. The Seneca-Cayugas berry dance could not be held; if all the wild blackberries and strawberries in the area are found to be contaminated
McCafferty, Michael 2003   the city name Chicago; originates from the Miami-Illinois word sikaakwa; meaning striped skunk. Sikaakwa is also the Miami-Illinois word for Allium tricoccum or other common; similar Allium species. As McCafferty states; Chicago p. 1-3 –
Dunn, J.P. Circa 1900   the Miami term
Pease, Theodore Calvin and Raymond C. Werner 1934   another reference to an p. 347 –
Baldwin, D 1997, August   Lora Siders recalled the legend that one of the greatest Miami cities was on the shores of the big lake near the onion patch [this was presumably Chicago; named after the word meaning onion patch or stinking place]; where the son of the Great Spirit walked with the Miami on sands by the big lake at the onion patch. She believed this to have been confirmed when archaeologists found a ancient city; at New Lennox near Chicago with remains of two skeletons identified as Miami