|Reference Source||Reference Type||Archival Data||Comments|
|Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900||Use - Customs||
"pakamakaninji, hackberry" was used by the Myaamia to make puncheons (split log of smoothed wood) for lining the sides of burial holes.
|Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895||Use - Technology||
Wood of the hackberry was used for firewood. "The tree gives good fuel".
|Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895||Related Info||
The Miami term "pakamakani" refers to the berry of the hackberry, "the dark red berry of the hackberry tree".
|Pinet, P.F. 1696-circa 1700||Related Info||
|Burns, N.L. 1938||Use - Technology||
The young shoots of hackberry, elm and poplar were fed to livestock during hard times.
|Burns, N.L. 1938||Related Info||
The Peoria of Oklahoma cut up the tender shoots of hackberry, elm and poplar for cattle fodder.
|Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900||Related Info||
"papaaki'mini, hackberry berry"