Entry Detail

American hazelnut

Entry Type:  
Scientific Name:  
Common Name:  
American hazelnut
Myaamia Name:  
Harvest Seasons:  
Beech-Oak-Maple Mixed Mesophytic, Dry Prairie grasslands, Wet Prairie grasslands with flooding, Conifer Swamp some deciduous domts.

Media not available.
Myaamia Archival Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Bush, L. L 1996 No Reference Specified

Human-charred hazelnut nutshell and nutmeat material were recovered from an early 19th century Myaamia village site at the forks of the Wabash River (Ft Wayne), 1795-1812 (Ehler Site).

Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 No Reference Specified

Given by Gatschet as 'pxkíxtänsáxkwi'

Tippman, D. 1999 No Reference Specified

Nuts are gathered for food.

Anonymous 1837 No Reference Specified

hazel bush

Kerr, J. 1835 No Reference Specified

"ketensυ, hazel bush"

Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900 No Reference Specified

Dunn gives 'p'kítänsĭ' as ‘hazel bush’ & 'p'kítänsĭ pakánĭ' as ‘hazel nut’

Botanical Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Gleason, H.A. and Cronquist, A. 1991 Habitat 

Occurs in moist or dry woods and thickets throughout eastern and western Myaamia lands.

Related Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895  

"pakitänsáxkwi" and "pxkíxtänsáxkwi", hazel bush; "pxkíxtänsi" and "pakítänsi", hazel nut.

Tippman, D. 1999  

Jim Strack mentions the declining abundance of hazelnut and butternut trees in eastern Myaamia lands. "A lot of hazelnut . . . don't seem to grow very good any more, the hazelnuts do, likewise with butternuts".

Bush L. L. 2003  

Archaeological studies have demonstrated that nuts preserved as nutshell, which represent walnut, hickory and hazelnut species were an important wild food resource utilized by Late Woodland prior to 700 A.D. through approximately 1450 A.D. indigenous peoples of central and southern Indiana. Results of these studies indicate that nut use declined over the Late Woodland period prior to 700 A.D. to 1450 A.D., probably due to increased cultivation of fall-maturing crops, like corn, and conflicts with gathering nuts during this same time period.