Entry Detail

Corylus americana Walter.
American hazelnut bush


Entry Type:  
Species
Scientific Name:  
Corylus americana Walter.
Common Name:  
American hazelnut bush
Myaamia Name:  
pahkiihteenhsaahkwi
Description:  

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Related Info 

Given by Gatschet as 'pxkíxtänsáxkwi'

Tippman, D. 1999 Use - Food 

Nuts are gathered for food.

Anonymous 1837 Related Info 

hazel bush

Kerr, J. 1835 Use - Food 

"ketensυ, hazel bush"

Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900 Use - Food 

Dunn gives 'p'kítänsĭ' as ‘hazel bush’ & 'p'kítänsĭ pakánĭ' as ‘hazel nut’

Botanical Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Gleason, H.A. and Cronquist, A. 1991 Habitat

Occurs in moist or dry woods and thickets throughout eastern and western Myaamia lands.

Related Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Bush, L. L 1996  

Human-charred hazelnut nutshell and nutmeat material were recovered from an early 19th century Myaamia village site at the forks of the Wabash River (Ft Wayne), 1795-1812 (Ehler Site).

Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895  

Gatschet gives "pakitänsáxkwi " and "pxkíxtänsáxkwi" as hazel bush, "pxkíxtänsi" and "pakítänsi" for hazel nut

Tippman, D. 1999  

Jim Strack mentions the declining abundance of hazelnut and butternut trees in eastern Myaamia lands. "A lot of hazelnut . . . don't seem to grow very good any more, the hazelnuts do, likewise with butternuts".

Bush L. L. 2003  

Archaeological studies have demonstrated that nuts preserved as nutshell, which represent walnut, hickory and hazelnut species were an important wild food resource utilized by Late Woodland prior to 700 A.D. through approximately 1450 A.D. indigenous peoples of central and southern Indiana. Results of these studies indicate that nut use declined over the Late Woodland period prior to 700 A.D. to 1450 A.D., probably due to increased cultivation of fall-maturing crops, like corn, and conflicts with gathering nuts during this same time period.