Entry Detail


rattlesnake-root


Entry Type:  
Species
Scientific Name:  
Common Name:  
rattlesnake-root
Myaamia Name:  
wiikapisia
Description:  

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Le Boullenger, Antoine-Robert, S.J. 1719-1744 Description 

"the bulb is white and sticks entirely out of the ground. The stem is one-foot high, with four-sided leaves and a little red button on the head".

Le Boullenger, Antoine-Robert, S.J. 1719-1744 Use - Medicinal 

"8icapisia", "root to protect oneself from the bites of the snake which makes it [the snake] flee" ("racine pour se garantir de la moisure des serpens et qui les fait fuire. L'oignon est blanc et sort hors de terre. La tige a un pied de haut. Les feuilles 4 cotes et un petit bouton rouge a la teste").

Translation from French to English by McCafferty; not sure if Prenanthes racemosa designation is by McCafferty 2003, or previously assigned by another. – Michael Gonella
Botanical Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Gleason, H.A. and Cronquist, A. 1991 Habitat 

Prenanthes racemosa occurs in streambanks, moist meadows and prairies in eastern Myaamia lands.

Related Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Gonella, M.P 2003-2006  

This description closely fits other ethnographic entries of colic-root, Aletris farinosa, except the portion about the little red button on the head. McCafferty (unpublished?) cites Masthay's (2002:237) interpretation of this entry of LeBoullenger to describe Prenanthes racemosa. Prenanthes alba is commonly called rattlesnake root, and Moerman's ethnobotanical database lists several native community's uses of this species for snakebite cure, not P. racemosa.