Entry Detail

Rubus allegheniensis T.C. Porter
common blackberry


Entry Type:  
Species
Scientific Name:  
Rubus allegheniensis T.C. Porter
Common Name:  
common blackberry
Myaamia Name:  
makiinkweemina
Description:  

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900 Related Info 

The Miami terms "makĭñgwämĭna" and "makĭñgwäminikĭ" (plural form) are the words for blackberry.

Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900 Related Info 

"makĭñgwämĭna, blackberry"

Lamb, E.W., Shultz, L.W. 1964 Related Info 

"The Indian remedy for asthma was a mixture of raspberry and blackberry juice in which leaves from the hoarhound and spearmint had been boiled".

Gravier, J. ca. 1700 Related Info 

"making8eminiki, meure de haye", blackberry

Rafert, S. 1989 Use - Food 

Fruits eaten.

Gonella, M.P 2003-2006 Use - Food 

Used for jelly by Peggy's grandmother Geboe.

Olds, J., Olds, D. and D. Tippman 1999 Use - Medicinal 

The root used to treat diarrhea.

Gonella, M.P 2003-2006 Use - Food 

Gathered early in the morning.

Tippman, D. 1999 Use - Food 

Wild blackberries picked.

Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Food 

In the traditional story of Young Thunder William Pecongah; he describes the crops he had growing on his land 160 acres of reserve in central Indiana.  "There I planted corn, wheat, potatoes, peas, tobacco, beans, apple trees, pumpkins, watermelons, cucumbers, onions, hay, straw, gooseberries, raspberries, blackberries, currants, turnips, tomatoes, pawpaws, cherries, strawberries, plums, blackhaws, peaches, walnut trees, pecans, hickory nuts, barley and rye".

Anonymous 1837 Related Info 

Blackberries mentioned.

Kerr, J. 1835 Related Info 

 "mekexuemeneke, blackberries"

Botanical Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Gleason, H.A. and Cronquist, A. 1991 Habitat

Occurs on mostly in disturbed areas throughout eastern Myaamia lands, with closely related or hybrids occuring in western Myaamia lands.

Related Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Aatotankiki myaamiaki 1998-2006  

Barbara Mullin's recipe, used by Senecas and Quapaws and possibly other tribes local to the Miami, Oklahoma area, used blackberries or blueberries and cornmeal to make a traditional, southern style cornbread.

Tulsa World Newspaper 2003  

Due to lead, cadmium and zinc contamination in the Tar Creek Superfund Site's watershed, around Miami, Oklahoma and the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma's headquarters, Miami and other local tribal members worry that traditional gathering of food, medicine and other items may be contaminated. Fish, wild blackberries, sassafras, pokeweed, basket-making supplies and wild onions could have high concentrations of lead, as do the waters of nearby lakes, and it is not always successful keeping tribal members out of these areas. The Seneca-Cayuga's berry dance could not be held, if all the wild blackberries and strawberries in the area are found to be contaminated.

Gonella, M.P 2003-2006  

Rubus taxonomy is complex, confused by hybridization, polyploidy and apomixis, and the group of blackberry species is even less clear. According to Coulter (1899), Small (1903), Steyermark (1963), and Gleason and Cronquist (1991).  It is reasonable to assume that the Myaamia word for blackberry referred to either R. allegheniensis, which was and is very common, or one of less common species including R. orarius, R. argustus, R. canadensis, R. pensilvanicus or R. setosus, or all these Rubus species.

Clark, J.E 1993   Shawnee collected this plant
Bush L. L. 2003  

Archaeological studies have demonstrated that blackberries were utilized as a food resource by Late Woodland (800 A.D to 1450 A.D.) indigenous peoples of central and  southern Indiana.