|Reference Source||Reference Type||Archival Data||Comments|
|Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895||Use - Medicinal||
"kishingwia . . . iron weed . . . leaves are used for poultices on sores".
|Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895||Description||
Shoe-string or iron-weed, tepprosia, has stalks 3-4 feet high, with purple colored flowers.
|Jackson, J. 2000||Related Info||
The Yuchi of Eastern Oklahoma (originally from eastern Tennessee) use sagedi'tae (ironweed, Vernonia fasciculata), or bear paw, in their Green Corn ceremony, in treatment for pain in the upper and lower legs, and other body aches. The plant's flowering is coincidental with the ripening of corn and indicates the time for the Green Corn ceremony.
|Reference Source||Reference Type||Data||Comments|
|Small, J.K. 1903||Description||
V. fasciculata, V. baldwinii, V. drummondii, or V. gigantea all have a generally similar look, and were all common in Oklahoma in 1903.
|Gleason, H.A. and Cronquist, A. 1991||Habitat||
Smooth ironweed (V. fasciculata), western ironweed (V. baldwinii), and tall ironweed (V. gigantea) all occur in prairies and woods in both eastern and western Myaamia lands.