Entry Detail

American Hornbeam, ironwood, musclewood

Entry Type:  
Scientific Name:  
Common Name:  
American Hornbeam, ironwood, musclewood
Myaamia Name:  
Beech-Maple Forest, Oak Forest including Oak-Hickory, Beech-Oak-Maple Mixed Mesophytic, Deciduous Swamp no coniferous domts.

Media not available.
Myaamia Archival Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Technology 

"äshakani grist mill hollow tree or wood for pounding hominy.  The hole was burnt out by coals of fire, gradually going further down, ashwood, sassafras were used for its purpose, and wild cherry.  An Ottaway man on Spring River [NE OK] makes them now - he is called jábuk.  The handle to pound with has to be made of dogwood or ironwood".

Botanical Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Gleason, H.A. and Cronquist, A. 1991 Habitat 

Occurs in moist woods throughout eastern and western Myaamia lands.

Related Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Gonella, M.P 2003-2006  

American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana), also known as musclewood (or ironwood or blue beech) has smooth, grey, muscle-textured trunk and bark and the Myaamia word myaawaamiši refers to this aspect of this species. Eastern Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) is also known as ironwood, but is not known for its muscle-textured stems, having brownish, shreddy trunk bark.

Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900  

"miálwamĭndjĭ, ironwood tree"