Entry Detail

pignut hickory

Entry Type:  
Scientific Name:  
Common Name:  
pignut hickory
Myaamia Name:  
Harvest Seasons:  
Summer, Fall, Spring
Oak Forest including Oak-Hickory, Beech-Oak-Maple Mixed Mesophytic, Dry Prairie grasslands

Media not available.
Myaamia Archival Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900 Use - Food/Technology 

"paciani'kopa, Peorias call this pignut"

Miami Tribe of Oklahoma Archives Use - Food 

There were Carya sp. charcoal remains and other hickory nutshells found in sample 082, 082 & 085,  from the New Lennox remains.

Tippman, D. 1999 Use - Food 

Nuts gathered for food

Coulter, S 1899 Description 

Carya glabra is the only pignut hickory mentioned in Coulter's flora of Indiana, and this species was widely distributed throughout the state, a tree up to 120 feet high with 3-5 foot diameters. C. cordiformis is not mentioned.

Dunn, J.P. 1919 Use - Technology 

"If they wanted canoes lighter than dug-outs, they made them of the bark of the water-elm or hickory, the pig-nut hickory being considered best. They cut down a tree, peeled off the bark with flat sticks. In the spring, when the trees were beginning to leave, the bark came off easily, and at other times they had to pound it to loosen it".

Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900 Use - Technology 

Bark used for sugar-sap containers, wood for drying tables. " . . . this kind [of hickory wood] also used for tables for drying corn, berries, or fruit. In this case, poles were placed in forked sticks. Bark used for sugar troughs--the ends were bent up, fastened, soaked and straightened out and laid up like shingles when dry for use the following uear. These would last for several years. Boxes also made of this wood".

Botanical Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Bogue, E.E. 1900 , March Description 

Carya cordiformis is much more common throughout Missouri than C. glabra, and both are commonly called Pignut hickory, suggesting that C. glabra was not common in the past in northeastern Oklahoma, although it was mentioned from one account in Oklahoma.

Small, J.K. 1903 Description 

Carya glabra is the only pignut hickory mentioned in Small's flora, a tree up to 180 feet high and 4.5 foot diameters. C. cordiformis is not mentioned.

Gleason, H.A. and Cronquist, A. 1991 Habitat 

Occurs in upland woods in eastern and western Myaamia lands.

Related Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Blair, E 1911  

Perrot describes a nut about 2 inches long that is bitter and oily and inedible which could be referring to the pignut, although it is not that bitter.

Steyermark, J.A. 1963  

Early settlers obtained an oil from the nut that was used in oil lamps and in the treatment of rheumatism.

Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900  

Dunn noted that the Myaamia term "pa'cianikopa" was used by the Peoria for the pignut hickory only.

Dunn, J.P. 1909  

The Peoria term cited by Dunn for pignut hickory tree is also used by the eastern Myaamia as a generic for all hickory trees.

Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895  

"kwassianikupa, smooth-bark [pignut] hickory"