Entry Detail

Carya laciniosa (Mill.) K.Koch
shell-bark hickory


Entry Type:  
Species
Scientific Name:  
Carya laciniosa (Mill.) K.Koch
Common Name:  
shell-bark hickory
Myaamia Name:  
caaciinkilaakia
Description:  

Myaamia Archival Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Food 

Eaten by Fox squirrel in the traditional story Wiihsakacaakwa.

Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900 Related Info 

"tcatcingilakakwa", shell-bark hickory.

Hammet, J.E. 1997 Related Info 

"Bartram noted that (with the exception of peach) these trees "are natives of the forest, yet they thrive better and are more fruitful in cultivated plantations, and the fruit is in great estimation with the present generation of Indians, particular juglans exalta, common called shell-barked hiccory". Prescribed burning would have been an unlikely tool for management of hickory trees, as most species are highly susceptible to fire. However, an opening of the forest canopy by thinning and weeding non-fruit-bearing trees would have resulted in larger, higher-yielding trees".

Hockett, C. 1938 Related Info 

"čέčiŋgilákya" 'hickory"

Tippman, D. 1999 Use - Food 

Nuts are gathered for food.

Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 Use - Tecnology 

"shell-bark hickory ashes used for soap, the acid of these ashes being strongest".

Thornton, W. 1802 Related Info 

"tshatshinggalukeh", shell-bark hickory.

Botanical Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Gleason, H.A. and Cronquist, A. 1991 Habitat

Occurs on flood plains.

Related Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900  

"tcätcĭ́ngĭlakákwa", Wea word for shell-bark hickory.

Van Doren, M. 1928  

Shell-bark hickory has been reported to produce 3 bushels of nuts per tree, yielding approximately 42 pounds of edible nutmeat per tree, per year--seven trees being enough to feed one person for a year.

 

Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900  

"wapipakani, hickory nut"

Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895  

"tchatchingilakaxkwa pakani, shellbark hickory nut"

Gardner, P.S. 1997  

Archaeological studies have demonstrated that nuts preserved as nutshell (walnut, hickory and hazelnut species) were an important wild food resource utilized by Late Woodland indigenous peoples of central and southern Indiana prior to 700 A.D. through approximately 1450 A.D. Results of these studies indicate that nut use declined over the Late Woodland period prior to 700 A.D. to 1450 A.D. probably due to increased cultivation of fall-maturing crops like corn, and conflicts with gathering nuts during this same time period.

Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900  

"a place near Kokomo, where a number of shell-bark hickories grew, having white nuts"

Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895  

"čačingilakáxkwa", Peoria word for shell-bark hickory.