Entry Detail


Entry Type:  
Scientific Name:  
Common Name:  
Myaamia Name:  
Harvest Seasons:  
Oak Forest including Oak-Hickory, Beech-Oak-Maple Mixed Mesophytic, Dry Prairie grasslands, Conifer Shrubland and Forest

Media not available.
Myaamia Archival Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Archival Data Comments
Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900 No Reference Specified

The term "kwä́cĭánĭkópa" was used for hickories, in general.

Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900 No Reference Specified

Wood for long bows was made from the smooth-bark hickory kwä́cĭánĭkópa, one split sapling making two long bows and other bows made from buffalo ribs. Bird arrows made with blunt points of hickory wood. The sweat lodge in Peoria was made of hickory branches or other material that bent easily.

Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895 No Reference Specified

kwässianíkupa, smooth-bark hickory

Kerr, J. 1835 No Reference Specified

The term "kwesenekwopf" also refers to the hickory.

Bush, L. L 1996 No Reference Specified

Charred remains of a hickory shell fragment were recovered from a late prehistoric (1795-1812) Myaamia village site (Ehler site).

Botanical Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Gleason, H.A. and Cronquist, A. 1991 Habitat 

There are numerous Carya species in Myaamia lands, mostly occuring in rich, moist soils of uplands and some bottomlands.

Related Sources  
Reference Source Reference Type Data Comments
Gardner, P.S. 1997  

Archaeological studies have demonstrated that nuts preserved as nutshell (walnut, hickory and hazelnut species) were an important wild food resource utilized by Late Woodland indigenous peoples of central and southern Indiana prior to 700 A.D. through approximately 1450 A.D. Results of these studies indicate that nut use declined over the Late Woodland period prior to 700 A.D. to 1450 A.D. probably due to increased cultivation of fall-maturing crops like corn, and conflicts with gathering nuts during this same time period.