|Reference Source||Reference Type||Archival Data||Comments|
|Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900||Related Info||
The term "kwä́cĭánĭkópa" was used for hickories, in general.
|Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900||Use - Technology||
Wood for long bows was made from the smooth-bark hickory kwä́cĭánĭkópa, one split sapling making two long bows and other bows made from buffalo ribs. Bird arrows made with blunt points of hickory wood. The sweat lodge in Peoria was made of hickory branches or other material that bent easily.
|Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895||Related Info||
kwässianíkupa, smooth-bark hickory
|Kerr, J. 1835||Related Info||
The term "kwesenekwopf" also refers to the hickory.
|Bush, L. L 1996||Food - Use||
Charred remains of a hickory shell fragment were recovered from a late prehistoric (1795-1812) Myaamia village site (Ehler site).
|Reference Source||Reference Type||Data||Comments|
|Gardner, P.S. 1997|| ||
Archaeological studies have demonstrated that nuts preserved as nutshell (walnut, hickory and hazelnut species) were an important wild food resource utilized by Late Woodland indigenous peoples of central and southern Indiana prior to 700 A.D. through approximately 1450 A.D. Results of these studies indicate that nut use declined over the Late Woodland period prior to 700 A.D. to 1450 A.D. probably due to increased cultivation of fall-maturing crops like corn, and conflicts with gathering nuts during this same time period.