|Reference Source||Reference Type||Data||Comments|
|Dunn, J.P. ca. 1900|| ||
"mawhaíakwĭ" or "wapákkwĭ", Eastern wahoo. These Myaamia words literally mean "wolf wood".
|Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895|| ||
This plant was popularly called "wohu" or "wahoo" on the Peoria reservation, and is also known as "panther bush".
|Steyermark, J.A. 1963|| ||
"The leaves and fruit are reported to possess purgative properties, and at one time the bark of the root was used medicinally but is now occasionally found employed as a gastric stimulant and cathartic. The powdered bark was used by the Indians for tobacco. The wood was used for arrows by American Indian's".
|Moerman, D. 2003|| ||
Used by the Meskwaki to treat facial sores, and weak or sore eyes, by the Mohegan as a cathartic/physic, and by the Winnebago to treat uterine troubles.