|Reference Source||Reference Type||Archival Data||Comments|
|Gatschet, A.S. ca. 1895||Use - Technology||
Used as firewood and to make furniture. "napahuli or tawani, ash-tree counts among the best fire material and makes nice furniture".
|Small, J.K. 1903||Related Info||
No mention of gray ash in Small's Flora of the Southeastern U.S. (1903), Gleason and Cronquist (1991), Deam (1940) or Coulter's Flowering Plants and Ferns of Indiana (1899). However Fraxinus americana is sometimes called white or gray ash, in online sources.