Person: Thomas Francis Richardville, Myaamia Name: Waapimaankwa

  • Nationality: Myaamia
    Family Group: Richardville
  • ID: 2399
    Gender: Male
    Date of Birth: Knw 04-23-1830
    Location of Birth: N/A
    Date of Death: Knw 01-16-1911
    Location of Death: N/A
  • Biography/Notes:
    Waapimaankwa was the great-grandson of Akima Pinšiwa (Chief J. B. Richardville), the son of a man known as Pimicinwa or Crescent Richardville. Thomas was orphaned at a young age and grew up in Indiana. Though he was exempted from removal and did not make the trip to Kansas Territory in 1846, he rejoined his Myaamia community in the Spring of 1860. Chief Richardville had eight children by three wives. His oldest children were Francis, Rose Ann, Mary Louisa and Mary Jane, all of whom came from his first marriage to Angeline Goodboo. In 1866, he married Ruth Ozandiah and had a son Henry Moses. He later married Martonah (Mary Lindsey) and had three children: Catherine, Charles, and Hannah. Educated as a lawyer at Notre Dame, he became a valuable intermediary between the Miami Nation and the United States government. Though he was influential in leadership for many years prior, he first became Chief in 1888, after the relocation to Indian Territory. Chief Richardville's leadership was integral to the decision to remain a separate entity upon relocation, rather than consolidating membership with the Peoria Tribe as allowed under the 1867 Treaty.
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April 23, 1830

1869 Allotment

March 3, 1859

March 3 1859 (11 Stat. 430): SEC 11. And be it further enacted, That in all cases where, by the terms of any Indian treaty in Kansas Territory, said Indians are entitled to separate selections of land, and to a patent therefore, under guards, restrictions, or conditions for their benefit, the Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to cause patents therefor to issue to such Indian or Indians, and their heirs, upon such conditions and limitation, and under such guards or restrictions as ma...

1889 Allotment

March 2, 1889

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatires of the United States of America in Congressa ssembled, That the provisions of chapter One hundred and Nineteen of the acts of eighteen hundred and eighty seven, entitled "An act to provide for the allotment of lands in severalty to Indians on the various reservations,and to extend the protection of the laws of the United States and the Territories over the Indians, and for other purposes," are hereby declared to extend to and are made app...


January 16, 1911