Person: Addie G. Billington
Family Group: Billington-Dollar
Gender: FemaleDate of Birth: Knw 03-14-1885
Location of Birth: N/ADate of Death: Knw 04-11-1971
Location of Death: N/A
Adeline “Addie” Billington was the first child of Asariah Billington and Mary Adeline (Boure) Dollar. She attended school at the Quapaw Boarding School, Chetopa Public School, and Chilocco Indian School before returning home and marrying Charles W. Leonard, another Miami allottee. Addie and Charles had nine children, and twenty-one grandchildren. Addie proudly raised her children (Irene, Elmer, Carl, Busey, Cora, LeRoy, Anna, Everett Eugene, and Verdenia Pauline), but she was also very proud of her grandchildren. After Charles' death in 1940, Addie spent a great deal of her time with the grandchildren, and taught them their Myaamia heritage. The Quapaw Indian Competency Commission interviewed both her and Charles in 1910, as part of the process of removing restrictions on selling allotted land. The commissioner's record gives an impression of a family living with humble means, struggling to support their family in hard economic times. But it also says they were educated, robust, and industrious. They knew the meaning of hard work, and passed that on to their family.
Adeline, right, with sister Rosa Billington. Photo courtesy Clarence Hayward
- Adeline Leonard
March 14, 1885
March 2, 1889
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatires of the United States of America in Congressa ssembled, That the provisions of chapter One hundred and Nineteen of the acts of eighteen hundred and eighty seven, entitled "An act to provide for the allotment of lands in severalty to Indians on the various reservations,and to extend the protection of the laws of the United States and the Territories over the Indians, and for other purposes," are hereby declared to extend to and are made app...
April 11, 1971